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Tang Soo Do Terminology

Tang Soo Do is a Korean art, as is the tradition, all classes use the Korean commands and it is required that all students become familiar with the terms.

Please either select from the sections below or scrolling down this page through the different terminology sections.

General Terms | Basic Stance - Gi Cho Ja Se | Commands used in training
Numbers | Technical terms | Commands used in starting and closing class
Basic Hand movements | Attacks | Basic Leg movements

General Terms

Tang Soo Do

The art we study

Moo Duk Kwan

Our style

Soo Bahk Do

Ancient name of the art

Kwang Jang Nim

Grandmaster

Sa Bom Nim

Master Instructor

Kyo Sa Nim

Instructor

Bang Jang

Prefect

Sun Beh

Senior member

Hu Beh

Junior member

Dan

Degree, holder of Midnight blue belt

Gup

Grade, holder of colour belt

Ko Dan Ja

Senior Dan holder - 4th Dan

You Dan Ja

Dan holder

You Gup Ja

Gup holder

Kwan Won

Student member

Cho Bo Ja

Beginner

Do Jang

Training hall

Do Balk

Training uniform

Dee

Belt

Kuk Gi

National flag

Kwan Gi

Organisation flag

Shim Gung

Mental power

Neh Gung

Internal power

Weh Gung

External power

Gi Cho

Basic

Hyung

Form

Deh Ryun

Sparring

Ho Sin Sul

Self defence

Kyok Pa

Breaking techniques

Soo Gi

Hand technique

Jok Gi

Foot technique

Mahk Kee

Block

Kong Kyuk

Attack

Ha Dan

Low section

Chong Dan

Middle section

Sang Dan

High section

Ahp

Front

Yop

Side

Dwi

Back

Cha Gi

Kick

Ki Hap

Shout/yell

Shi Sun

Focus of eyes

Choong Shim

Balance

Choong Kwon

Forefist

Kap Kwon

Back fist

Soo Do

Knife hand

Yuk Soo Do

Reverse knife hand

Kwan Soo

Spear hand

Chang Kwon

Palm heel

O Rin Jok

Right side

Wen Jok

Left side

Tuel Oh

Twisting

Basic Stance - Gi Cho Ja Se

Joon Beh Jaseh

Ready stance

Chun Gul Jaseh

Front stance

Hu Gul Jaseh

Back stance

Kee Mah Jaseh

Horse stance

Sa Ko Rip Jaseh

Side stance

Kyo Cha Rip Jaseh

Cross-legged stance

Commands used in training

Cha Ryut

Attention

Kyung Yet

Bow

Joon Bee

Ready

Shi-jak

Begin

Ku Ryung

Count

Ku Ryung E Mat Cho So

By the count

Ku Ryung Up Shi

Without count

Bo-ro

Return

Shio

Relax

Tora

Turn

Dwee Ro Tora

Turn to rear

Bal Cha Gi Joon Bee

Ready to kick

Numbers

Ha-na

1

IL

1st

Tul

2

Yi

2nd

Set

3

Sam

3rd

Net

4

Sah

4th

Ta-sot

5

Oh

5th

Yo-sot

6

Yuk

6th

Il-gop

7

Chil

7th

Yo-dol

8

Pahl

8th

A-hop

9

Ku

9th

Yol

10

Ship

10th

Technical terms

Jok Gi

Foot techniques

Kwon Do

Knife fist

Mah Kee

Block

Kap Kwon

Backfist

Kong Kyuk

Attack

Chung Kwon

Forefist

Ha Dan

Low section

Soo Do

Knife hand

Chung Dan

Mid section

Yuk Soo Do

Ridge hand

Sang Dan

High section

Kwan Soo

Spear hand

Cha Gi

Kick

Jang Kwan

Palm heel

Ki Hap

Shout/yell

Pahl Kup

Elbow

Shi Sun

Focus of eyes

Moo Roop

Knee

Jung Shim

Balance

Commands used in starting and closing class

Cha Ryut

Attention

Ku Gi Bay Ray

Bow to flag - if displayed

Ba-ro

Return

An Jo

Sit

Muk Nyum

Meditation

Kwan Jang Nim Kay Kyung Yet

Bow to Grandmaster

Sa Bom Nim Kay Kyung Yet

Bow to Master Instructor

Kyo Sah Nim Kay Kyung Yet

Bow to instructor

Sun Beh Nim Kay Kyung Yet

Bow to senior member

Ban Jang Nim Kay Kyung Yet

Bow to class Prefect

Basic Hand movements
Note: Blocks - The following movements are executed in Chun Gul Jaseh (Front stance) unless otherwise indicated.

Ha Dan Mah Kee

Low block

Sang Dan Mah Kee

High block

Ahneso Phakuro Mah Kee

Inside to outside block

Phakeso Ahnuro Mah Kee

Outside to inside block

Sang Soo Chung Dan Mah Kee

Two fist middle block

Sang Soo Ha Dan Mah Kee

Two fist (X) low block

Sang Soo Sang Dan Mah Kee

Two fist (X) high block

Chung Dan Kong Kyuk

Middle punch - front stance

Sang Dan Kong Kyuk

High punch - front stance

Hang Jin Kong Kyuk

Side punch - horse stance

Yuk Jin Kong Kyuk

Reverse punch - back stance

Kwan Soo Kong Kyuk

Spear hand attack - front stance

Attacks
Note: the following blocks are normally executed in back stance

Soo Do Ha Dan Mah Kee

Low section knife hand block / parry

Soo Do Chung Dan Mah Kee

Middle section knife hand block / parry

Soo Do Sang Dan Mah Kee

High section knife hand block / parry

Basic Leg movements

Ahp Cha Gi

Front kick

Ahp Podo Cha Gi

Front snap kick

Yup Cha Gi

Side kick

Yup Podo Cha Gi

Side snap kick

Dull Ryo Cha Gi

Round house kick

Dwi Cha Gi

Back kick

Dwi Dull Ryo Cha Gi

Back spinning kick

Dwi Dull Ryo Chit-go Cha Gi

Back spinning chop kick

Ahneso Phakero Cha Gi

Circular inside to outside kick

Phahkeso Anuro Cha Gi

Circular outside to inside kick

Phahkeso Anuro Ma-go Cha Gi

Circular outside to inside block kick

Yup Hu Ri Gi

Side hook kick

Bal Yup Chit Pal Gi

Side stamping kick

Ahp Mee Ro Cha Gi

Front pushing kick

Moo Roop Cha Gi

Knee kick

Moo Roop Dull Ryu Cha Gi

Knee turning round house kick

Peet Cha Gi

Diagonal inside to outside turning snap kick

E Dan

Jumping - all jumping kicks are prefixed with this


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